Properties of Ammonia gas:
Ammonia (NH3) is pungent, colorless compound. Anhydrous (water-free) ammonia is easily liquefied under pressure and is extremely soluble in water. Ammonia is the precursor to most nitrogen-containing compounds. Virtually all synthetic nitrogen compounds are derived from ammonia, including nitric acid, which is used in the production of fertilizers, explosives, and many organo-nitrogen compounds. It is easily liquefied by compression or cooling for use in refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment. Because of its many applications, ammonia is one of the most highly produced inorganic chemicals, yet it is both caustic and hazardous. OSHA has set a limit of 25 ppm during an eight-hour shift. EPA regulations (40 CFR 68) require facilities with more than 10,000 pounds of ammonia to submit a risk management plan, including a hazard assessment, a prevention program, and emergency response program.
Anhydrous Ammonia liquid weighs approximately 5 pounds per gallon, at 60°F. A pound of liquid Anhydrous Ammonia will generate 22.5 SCF of ammonia vapor and 45 SCR of dissociated ammonia gas. A storage tank is usually considered to have an 85% usable capacity. Liquefied ammonia is stored in tanks.
Ammonia Storage Tanks:-
We are manufacturer of Ammonia storage tanks of various capacities ranging from 500 Liters to 500,000 Liters. The tanks are provided with all accessories like, internal valves, pipelines, Excess flow valves safety fittings, valves, are provided as per requirement .The unit comes with all safety features as per norms.
Ammonia vaporizer water heated bath type with internal coil & flame proof enclosure for conversion of liquid ammonia into vapor. This is used in industrial application where ammonia is stored in storage tanks and the same is required to be vaporized before using a pressure reducing system provided helps to effectively reduce the vapor pressure as required in the process.
Ammonia Bottling Plant
Ammonia Bottling Plant For Filling anhydrous Ammonia In Cylinders from storage Tank. The Plant is equipped With Other Facilities Like Fire Fighting System, Leak Detection System, Cylinder Testing Unit, Purging Unit, Evacuation Unit Etc. The Plant Has The Facility To Receive Bulk Ammonia By Pipeline From Ammonia Transport Tank And Store The Same In Storage Tanks Before Filling The Cylinders.
Technical Specifications of Ammonia storage Tank:
Design Code:-ASME, AD MERKBALTTER, PD 5500, CODAP 2000 AND OTHERS
Design Pressure:-21 Bar
Design Temperature:--20 Deg F to + 125 Deg F
We use various international design codes for designing of storage tanks are horizontal cylindrical vessels as follows: ASME Sec. VIII Div.1, ASME Sec. VIII Div.2 , BS 5500 codes, CODAP 2000
PD 5500: Specification for unfired Fusion welded pressure vessels
Material of construction: SA 537 CL 1, SA 516 GR 70, BS 1501-1 225 490 A, EN 10028-3 P355NL2 AND OTHERS
Anhydrous Ammonia Storage Tank:-
We manufacture Anhydrous Ammonia storage and transport tanks of various capacities ranging from 500 Liters to 500000 Liters. The unit comes with all safety features as per norms. The tanks are provided with all accessories like safety fittings, valves, pipelines, Excess flow valves, internal valves, are provided as per requirement. Anhydrous Ammonia tank are built in accordance with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and are rated for 265 psig. Tanks should be mounted on concrete, masonry or structural steel supports and on firm concrete or masonry foundations.
Anhydrous Ammonia transport tanks:-
We are manufacture of Anhydrous Ammonia transport tanks of various capacities ranging from 7500 Liters to 57000 Liters. The tanks are provided with unloading pumps for decanting. All accessories like safety fittings, mudguard, Tyres, king pin 2 or 3.5", internal valves, Excess flow valves, pipelines are provided as per requirement. The unit comes with all safety features as per norms. Semi-trailer tanks are provided with double or triple axle rear trailers
Uses of Anhydrous Ammonia Tank:
Anhydrous ammonia is used in various industrial applications like
GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
REMEDIATION OF GASEOUS EMISSIONS
ANTI-MICROBIAL AGENT FOR FOOD PRODUCTS
PHARMACEUTICALS AND COSMETICS
Common Uses for Anhydrous Ammonia Storage Tank:
:: Refrigeration Applications
:: Metal Treating
:: Chemical, Pharmaceutical
:: & Petroleum Industries
:: Diazo Machines
:: Acid Neutralization
:: Water Treatment
:: Cogeneration - NOX
Ammonia Gas MSDS ( Material Safety Data Sheet ):
How much does it weigh? Will it burn? What is its boiling point? Under what pressure will a tank be subject to on a hot summer day?
Anhydrous ammonia is a colorless non-flammable liquefied gas. Its vapor is lighter than air [(vapor density of 0.6) air = 1] and has the same pungent odor as household ammonia. Although ammonia vapor is lighter than air, the vapors from a leak may hug the ground appearing as a white cloud. Chemically ammonia is 82% nitrogen (N) and 18% hydrogen (H) and has the chemical formula NH3.
The definition of anhydrous is without water. Whereas household ammonia is 95% water, anhydrous ammonia has no water. Ammonia is so hydroscopic (water loving) that one cubic foot of water will dissolve 1300 cubic feet of ammonia vapor making water the primary weapon for first responders. When ammonia reacts with water the base ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) will form.
Ammonia weights 5.15 pounds per gallon in contrast to water which weights 8.33 pounds per gallon. Since ammonia is very soluble in water there will be no layering effect when liquid ammonia is spilled into a surface water body. Booms, pads, sweeps and pillows that are usually used to contain and recover petroleum are ineffective on spills of ammonia into surface water.
Ammonia is a nonflammable gas but will ignite at a temperature of 1204°F within vapor concentration limits between 15% and 28%. (Paper ignites at 450°F, coal at 750°F). Outside conditions that would support these vapor concentrations are rare.
Ammonia will corrode galvanized metals, cast iron, copper, brass or copper alloys. All ammonia piping, valves, tanks and fittings are constructed of steel. (See #8. Stability and Reactivity Link)
Liquid ammonia boils at any temperature greater than -28°F and will expand to 850 times its liquid volume. One gallon of liquid will expand to 850 gallons or 113 cubic feet of gas.